by Chris Rowan
1872 Julia Ward Howe, who wrote the lyrics to the Battle Hymn
of the Republic proposed the idea of an observance
day called Mothers for Peace Day. Although the original
purpose was to promote peace, the idea evolved into having a day
devoted to honoring motherhood. On May 9, 1914 President Woodrow
Wilson declared the second Sunday in May as a day of national
observance, honoring the nation’s mothers.
On May 5,
1866, residents of Waterloo, New York, gathered to honor Americans
who died fighting for the Union in the Civil War. They called
the event Memorial Day. It became a tradition and a national holiday
(first observed on May 30, 1868). Memorial Day now commemorates
all Americans who died in war and is observed on the last Monday
On May 30, 1945, New York City held its last Memorial Day
parade sponsored by Civil War veterans.
In 1607 (on
May 14) the first permanent English settlement in North America
was established in Jamestown, Virginia.
On May 21, 1927, Charles Lindbergh completed the first solo transatlantic
May 3, in 1765 the first medical school in the 13 colonies opened
Events in American History
May 25, 1787, the Constitutional Convention opened in Philadelphia.
Bloodiest War (the Civil War)
1862 (on May 22) the War Department authorized the recruitment
of black soldiers.
In 1865 (on May 26) the last major Confederate forces surrendered
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