Your Diabetes Facts
has no cure but can be controlled. It is the seventh leading cause
of death in the United States, affecting people of all ages and
ethnic groups. Diabetes is caused by a deficiency of insulin,
a hormone that converts sugar and other food into energy. Risk
factors include obesity, a family history of diabetes, old age,
and altered glucose tolerance. Symptoms include extreme thirst
or hunger, excessive urination, unexplained weight loss, sudden
vision change, tingling or numbness in hands or feet, constant
tiredness, dry skin, slow-healing sores, and high incidence of
Complications include blindness, kidney failure, heart disease,
stroke, and lower limb amputation. Diabetes treatment includes
diet to control blood sugar, getting regular physical activity,
taking medication and/or insulin, and monitoring blood sugar levels.
Keeping blood sugar levels in the normal range lowers the risk
of long-term complications. In the short run, it helps diabetics
feel better and enjoy a better quality of life. #
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