Policy: Michigan Debates Legislation
State Representative Samuel Thomas introduced a bill that would
require school districts to have a specific policy and discipline
code to address bullying.
School districts would choose either to set their own policy or
adopt a model policy developed by the state Department of Education.
Teachers, administrators and parents would participate in developing
the local discipline code.
According to the Detroit News, each district would have
to submit its policy to the state superintendent by September
1, 2002. The bill, HB 4746, is before the House Education Committee.
more information on HB 4746, visit the Michigan Legislature at
www.michiganlegislature.org and click on “Bill by Number. Search
for HB 4746.
Students Must Pass Indiana Exam
court of Appeals in Indiana has ruled that students with disabilities
are required to pass the same high school exam as their peers
who are not disabled.
In a 1998 lawsuit, four disabled students claimed their due process
rights were violated, since they were not given sufficient notice
needed to adjust their curriculum to pass the exam required to
graduate. The students also argued that the state violated the
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) because they
were denied test-taking accommodations.
The Court’s unanimous opinion supported that the state had given
the students enough time—three years—to prepare for the exam and
that opportunities to retake the test were available to students
who did not receive sufficient notice. The justices also ruled
that the state did not violate IDEA, stating that federal law
only requires that students receive a free and appropriate education.
more information, visit www.in.gov/ai/gov/state/html. Click on
Judicial Branch and then Indiana Court of Appeals.
Professor Receives Supreme Court Book Prize
Edward A. Purcell, Jr., a legal historian and the Joseph Solomon
Distinguished Professor of Law at New York Law School, was recently
honored by the Supreme Court Historical Society’s Book Prize.
In an address delivered in the Chamber of the Supreme Court, Professor
Purcell talked about “Brandeis, Erie, and the Emergence of Stricter
Scrutiny,” and focused on the impact Brandeis’ jurisprudence made
in expanding the role of federal courts in closely examining government
actions that restricted civil liberties and civil rights. The
topic was an extension of the analysis undertaken in his highly
acclaimed work, Brandeis and the Progressive Consultation:
Erie, the Judicial Power, and the Politics of the Federal Courts
in Twentieth Century America.
He has also authored more than a dozen articles and two other
books, Litigation and Inequality: Federal Diversity Jurisdiction
in Industrial America, 1870-1958 and The Crisis of Democratic
Theory: Scientific Naturalism and the Problem of Value. He
teaches courses on civil procedure, federal courts, complex litigation,
and civil rights at New York Law School, where he has taught since
Education Update, Inc., P.O. Box 20005, New York, NY 10001. Tel:
(212) 481-5519. Fax: (212) 481-3919. Email: email@example.com.
All material is copyrighted and may not be printed without express consent of
the publisher. © 2001.